Integrated with language and literacy in a humanities course. FOCUS: democracy, social justice and civic engagement; interaction of peoples and communities throughout time; ancient river valley civilizations. ROUTINES: observing and analyzing patterns and themes between peoples and time periods; comparing and contrasting; map studies; taking notes; analyzing multiple perspectives; using primary and secondary sources. TEXTS: “Teaching Tolerance,” “History Alive,” atlases, “Facing History and Ourselves,” news. PROJECTS: self- and group-identity exhibit; current events discussion, writing, and connecting geographically; ancient civilizations research project with one-pagers and regular presentations; multidisciplinary environmental impact study and awareness campaign.